Managed Ecosystems

The Human connection in the Iot

A connected industry.

Creating Communities of Place that Recognize the Interdependence of Life.
The emergent Internet of Everything (IoE) is now starting to offer us the opportunity to co-create our future with conscious deliberateness. For the first time in history we are capable of envisioning and creating a global foundation for shared knowledge and innovation.

A socio-ecological system consists of 'a bio-geo-physical' unit and its associated social actors and institutions. Socio-ecological systems are complex and adaptive and delimited by spatial or functional boundaries surrounding particular ecosystems and their problem context.

The Internet of Things is starting to transform the industry.

Ecosystem-Based Fisheries Management

Ecosystem-based fisheries management (EBFM) became a major initiative of resource managers around the world beginning in the 1990s.  Unlike traditional management approaches that focused solely on the biology of a particular stock, EBFM provides a more holistic approach to fisheries management – one that takes into account the complex suite of biological, physical, economic, and social factors associated with managing living marine resources.  

EBFM has continued to evolve over the past 20 years and is now a cornerstone of NOAA Fisheries’ efforts to sustainably manage the nation’s marine resources.  But despite substantial progress in the science behind and application of EBFM, a perception remains that the science and governance structures to implement EBFM are lacking, when in fact they have already been resolved in the United States and other developed countries.  An April 2015 article in Fisheries took on the important challenge of identifying some of the most common myths that can impede the implementation of EBFM.

The Tangible Value of Potential

Ecosystems Create Value

The value of potential can be seen as a function of the sustainability of the oceans.

FIRST, THE bad news: The world’s fisheries, which feed billions of people, are in serious decline. The authors of a study released in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences examined 4,713 fisheries, accounting for 78 percent of the world’s annual catch, and found that only a third were in decent biological shape. But there is good news: It is possible to reverse this trend, and in a surprisingly short amount of time.

Rather than simply looking at the world through the eyes of profit and loss accounting, it is necessary to adapt an asset based approach. By using this asset based approach, environmental and social capital can be taken into account when evaluating the value of the commons. This view achieves brings sustainability into the accounting equation and leads to the solution for the tragedy of the commons.

Positive and negative actions are broken down into ecosystem services. In the absence of humans, most of these services have positive effects (such as trees transforming CO2 into oxygen). However, humans cannot transform their actions into net positive ecosystem services on their own. The Seafood Commons shall educate the industry as a whole with the goal of achieving positive ecosystem services and sustainably turning natural capital into financial capital. An increase in net positive ecosystem services can be seen as a form of potential energy. When the oceans are of high potential (cleaner water, healthier fish, etc...) then more profit (such as catch and shipping) and be drawn from them.

According to Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, future trajectories of all fisheries can be described with the following equation and graph:

Bt+1=Bt+( (ϕ+1) / ϕ ) gBt(1−(Bt/K)ϕ)−Ht

B = Biomass.
K = Carrying capacity.
Φ = growth parameter. Setting to 0.188 simulates B at maximum sustainable yield (MSY) at 40% of K.
Ht = Harvest at year t.
g = Maximum sustainable yield / Biomass at maximum sustainable yield.

Global Action

If applied globally, modern management plans could rehabilitate the median fishery in less than a decade.

A 2016 scientific study released in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences coupled state-of-the-art bioeconomic models for more than 4,500 fisheries around the world, representing 78% of global reported fish catch, found that in nearly every country of the world, improved management of ecosystems would simultaneously drive increases in food provision, fishery profits, and fish biomass in the sea. Test results suggest that a suite of approaches providing individual or communal access rights to fishery resources can align incentives across profit, food, and conservation.

Applying sound management reforms to global fisheries in the dataset could generate annual increases exceeding 16 million metric tons (MMT) in catch, $53 billion in profit, and 619 MMT in biomass relative to business as usual. With appropriate reforms, recovery can happen quickly, with the median fishery taking under 10 years to reach recovery targets. Results show that common sense reforms to fishery management would dramatically improve overall fish abundance while increasing food security and profits.

By 2050, nearly every fishery on the planet would be healthy. The resulting benefits would be astonishing. Relative to business as usual, the refreshed catch would grow by an annual 16 million metric tons, and seafood stocks would rise by 619 million metric tons. Fishermen would see an annual $53 billion rise in profit, a jump of 64 percent. The world’s fisheries could feed more people, and the fishing industry could boom, too.

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