The DAI offers stakeholders governance, advanced collaboration and decision making tools, and open standards for innovation; designed as a seamless twenty-first-century intelligent infrastructure at a global industry scale. The DAI will connect local fisheries, communities, and regional ecosystem development programs with the Internet of Things (IoT) to scale to global traceability of seafood quality.
Stakeholders, research institutions, and consumers will be able to access a comprehensive system as a gateway to the IoT. Users have access to Big Data and analytics to develop predictive algorithms that can increase productivity and reduce the marginal cost of producing and delivering a full range of products and services.
Applying sound management reforms to global fisheries in the dataset could generate annual increases exceeding 16 million metric tons (MMT) in catch, $53 billion in profit, and 619 MMT in biomass relative to business as usual. With appropriate reforms, recovery can happen quickly, with the median fishery taking under 10 years to reach recovery targets. Results show that common sense reforms to fishery management would dramatically improve overall fish abundance while increasing food security and profits.
A DAI breaks down an industry’s needs according to key layers and components. Key industry processes are mapped and their relationship to each layer can be fully understood.
The industry cloud layer is a catch-all location for the massive amounts of data necessary for a trustworthy supply chain. It consists of databases for fish names and types, audio/video recordings, certification records, and data exchanged with other services via API calls. This is where the Seafood Commons open inter-operable schema creates the foundation layer for industry-wide IoT innovation.
When environmental benefits or hazards are discovered, information flows to the ecosystem layer where local communities are alerted and change can be enacted where needed. Via the feedback loops, governing bodies and industry leaders can be brought in to address systemic concerns.
Data would not be available to the other layers without the IoT physical layer. Ports, ships, intermediaries, and supermarkets will be fitted with internet-of-things connected devices to communicate all the variables that need to be collected and analyzed to ensure proper supply chain management. Kicking this data up to the people layer gives everyone the bird’s eye view they need to make better decisions in the industry.
The DAI as defined above provides a model for how various industries can better self-regulate for the benefit of their consumers and the environment. Such a model will become increasingly important as the world looks for ways to tackle environmental crises while offering regenerative solutions, greatly increased yields, quality and transparency for a market to support these practices.
Informed by an Integrative and Integral approach we view this emerging technology as an evolutionary aspect of human civilization. While the technical systems may be viewed as complex machines when human interaction is included we start to see the Internet of Everything (IoE), a collaborative global “brain” and nervous system that has the potential to positively transform society and its relationship to the physical world.
The fishing industry includes any industry or activity concerned with taking, culturing, processing, preserving, storing, transporting, marketing or selling fish or fish products. It is defined by the Food and Agriculture Organization as including recreational, subsistence and commercial fishing, and the harvesting, processing, and marketing sectors.
While there are many excellent programs, and maritime schools, there are not international cross certification standards. The Seafood Commons will help to aggregate qualified courses from around the world and standardize certification criteria.
A study published by the Center for Public Integrity confirms that more workers die in the commercial fishing industry than in any other job. By properly completing a written assessment of a vessel, fishermen can show that health and safety has been considered and reasonable measures have been taken to ensure that the vessel is safe for its crew. However, remember that risk assessment is a continuous process. In practice, the risks in the workplace should be assessed before work begins on any task for which no valid risk assessment exists.
According to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the world harvest in 2005 consisted of 93.3 million tonnes captured by commercial fishing in wild fisheries, plus 48.1 million tonnes produced by fish farms. In addition, 1.3 million tons of aquatic plants (seaweed etc.) were captured in wild fisheries and 14.8 million tons were produced by aquaculture. The number of individual fish caught in the wild has been estimated at 0.97-2.7 trillion per year (not counting fish farms or marine invertebrates).
The sea, the great unifier, is man's only hope. Now, as never before, the old phrase has a literal meaning: we are all in the same boat.